NASA: 2016 is already on track to be hottest year ever on record
Just six months of year 2016 have passed, but the year is already on its way to become the hottest year ever recorded. In an announcement this week, NASA officials said that each of the initial six months -January to June- has set new temperature records.
It is the first year when the US space agency has shared a midyear climate analysis. The agency officials said that the step is taken because temperature averages in 2016 have been a lot in excess of earlier data.
According to NASA's data, this year’s each month was the warmest respective month across the globe in the modern temperature record, dating back to 1880. NASA added that the trend is an indication that 2016 is going to surpass last year as the hottest recorded year.
Gavin Schmidt, director of NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York City, said that the present year has indeed blown that out of the water.
Schmidt's calculations suggested that there is a 99% chance that 2016, on average, is going to be hotter than last year.
Till now in 2016, the planet's average temperature was 2.4 degrees Fahrenheit hotter in comparison to the late 19th century. International climate negotiators agreed in the Copenhagen Accord in 2009 that warming mustn’t surpass over 2 degrees Celsius in present century. The Accord's temperature threshold was put in place with a hope to avoid climate change’s worst impacts.
A powerful El Niño last year was one of the contributors to these temperatures, but as per Schmidt, the sustaining warming trend is mainly because of the effects of greenhouse gases.
The effects of El Niño will dissipate by next year, leaving temperatures a bit lower than current year, but Schmidt said the coming year is still going to average to 1 degree C above the pre-industrial average.
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